Computer Science Speaking Skills Talk

Friday, April 6, 2018 - 12:00pm to 1:00pm

Location:

Traffic21 Classroom 6501 Gates Hillman Centers

Speaker:

KIJUNG SHIN, Ph.D. Student http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~kijungs/

We consider goods that can be shared with k-hop neighbors (i.e., the set of nodes within k hops from an owner) on a social network. We examine incentives to buy such a good by devising game-theoretic models where each node decides whether to buy the good or free ride. First, we find that social inefficiency, specifically excessive purchase of the good, occurs in Nash equilibria. Second, the social inefficiency decreases as k increases and thus a good can be shared with more nodes. Third, and most importantly, the social inefficiency can also be significantly reduced by charging free riders an access cost and paying it to owners, leading to the conclusion that organizations and system designers should impose such a cost. These findings are supported by our theoretical analysis in terms of the price of anarchy and the price of stability; and by simulations based on synthetic and real social networks.

Joint work with Dr. Euiwoong Lee. Ms. Dhivya Eswaran, and Prof. Ariel D. Procaccia

Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the CSD Speaking Skills Requirement.

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Keywords:

Speaking Skills